pro|por|tion1 W2S2 [prəˈpo:ʃən US -ˈpo:r-] n
1¦(part of something)¦
3¦(correct scale)¦
4 proportions
5 out of (all) proportion
6 keep something in proportion
7 sense of proportion
[Date: 1300-1400; : Old French; Origin: Latin proportio, from portio; PORTION1]
1.) [C usually singular also + plural verb British English] ¦(PART OF SOMETHING)¦
a part of a number or amount, considered in relation to the whole
proportion of
The proportion of women graduates has increased in recent years.
Every parent is asked to contribute a proportion of the total cost.
high/large/small etc proportion
The decision affects a significant proportion of the population.
Although the majority of offenders are men, a small proportion - about 5 percent - are women.
2.) ¦(RELATIONSHIP)¦ [U and C]
the relationship between two things in size, amount, importance etc
the proportion of sth to sth
What's the proportion of boys to girls in your class?
in proportion to sth
The rewards you get in this job are in direct proportion to the effort you put in.
the correct or most suitable relationship between the size, shape, or position of the different parts of something
Builders must learn about scale and proportion.
in proportion
Reduce the drawing so that all the elements stay in proportion.
in proportion to sth
Her feet are small in proportion to her height.
out of proportion with sth
The porch is out of proportion with (=too big or too small when compared with) the rest of the house.
4.) proportions [plural]
a) the size or importance of something
Try to reduce your tasks to more manageable proportions .
of immense/huge/massive etc proportions
an ecological tragedy of enormous proportions
of epic/heroic/mythic proportions
For most of us, Scott was a hero of mythic proportions.
crisis/epidemic proportions
The flu outbreak has reached epidemic proportions .
b) the relative sizes of the different parts of a building, object etc
of grand/gigantic/generous etc proportions
a building of classic proportions
the elegant proportions of the living room
5.) out of (all) proportion
too big, great, or strong in relation to something
out of (all) proportion to/with
The fear of violent crime has now risen out of all proportion to the actual risk.
get/blow sth out of proportion
(=treat something as more serious than it really is)
Aren't you getting things rather out of proportion?
The whole issue has been blown out of all proportion.
6.) keep sth in proportion
to react to a situation sensibly, and not think that it is worse or more serious than it really is
Let's keep things in proportion.
7.) sense of proportion
the ability to judge what is most important in a situation
have/keep/lose a sense of proportion
You can protest by all means, but keep a sense of proportion.
technical equality in the mathematical relationship between two sets of numbers, as in the statement '8 is to 6 as 32 is to 24'
proportion 2
proportion2 v [T usually passive] formal
to put something in a particular relationship with something else according to their relative size, amount, position etc
proportion sth to sth
The amount of damages awarded are proportioned to the degree of injury caused.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • PROPORTION — Le terme proportion désigne un concept mathématique qui appartient à l’héritage grec et dont l’application s’étend à tous les savoirs quantifiables. «Cette partie, écrivait justement le père J. Prestet dans ses Élémens de mathématiques (1675),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Proportion — (v. lat.), 1) Verhältniß; 2) Verhältnißmäßigkeit, Ebenmaß; 3) Proportion des menschlichen Körpers, die Normalgrößen, welche einzelne Theile in Bezug zu den übrigen haben, worauf bes. die Gefälligkeit der äußeren Bildung beruht. Außer den Gesetzen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • proportion — ► NOUN 1) a part, share, or number considered in relation to a whole. 2) the ratio of one thing to another. 3) the correct or pleasing relation of things or between the parts of a whole. 4) (proportions) dimensions; size. ► VERB formal ▪ adjust… …   English terms dictionary

  • Proportion — Sf Verhältnis erw. fach. (15. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. proportio, zusammengebildet aus l. prō portione je nach Anteil . Adjektiv: proportional. Moderne Kürzung (schwz., österr.) Proporz.    Ebenso nndl. proportie, ne. proportion, nfrz.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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